Area and Location
TARDA’s area of jurisdiction covers approximately 138,000 km2, comprising 100,000 km2 of the Tana Basin and 38,000 km2 of the Athi Basin. This includes most of the Central province, the southern districts of Eastern province, the riverine portion of North Eastern Province along the Tana River (Garissa and Ijara Districts) and parts of the Coast province where both the Tana and Athi rivers drain into the Indian Ocean.
TARDA is divided into three zones namely:-
Upper zone – Catchment areas of Mt Kenya and Aberdares region to Lower reaches of Murang’a District
Middle Zone – Catchment areas in the lower reaches of Murang’a up to Garissa
Lower Zone – Catchments areas below Garissa town, the Sabaki area and the coastal region
Based on the 1999 census, the population in the two river basins was estimated at 11 million people, which is about 37% of the National population of 30 million. The current population is projected at 15 million.
This includes most of the Central province, the southern districts of Eastern province, the riverine portion of North Eastern Province along the Tana River (Garissa and Ijara Districts) and parts of the Coast province where both the Tana and Athi rivers drain into the Indian Ocean.
TARDA’s Headquarters is located in Nairobi. There are three regional offices as follows:-
- Tana Regional Office based at Embu Town
- Athi Regional office based at Machakos Town
- Upper Athi Region based at TARDA’s Go down Offices in Nairobi.
FUNCTIONS OF THE AUTHORITY
The Tana and Athi Rivers Development Authority was established by an Act of Parliament CAP 443; in 1974. The functions and responsibilities of the Authority are spelt out in TARDA Act Cap 443, Laws of Kenya.
Broadly, the functions encompass integrated planning and coordination of all development projects within the Tana and Athi River Basins and specifically to implement any projects for the purpose of utilization and protection of water and soils of the area.
The Authority is mandated to:
- To advise the Government generally and the Ministries set out in the schedule in particular on all matters affecting the development of the Area including the apportionment of resources.
- To draw up and keep up to date, a long-range development plan for the Area.
- To initiate such studies, and to carry out such surveys of the Area as it may consider necessary, and to assess alternative demands within the Area on the resources thereof, including electricity power generation, irrigation, wildlife, land and other resources and, to recommend economic priorities.
- To co-ordinate the various studies of, and schemes within the Area, so that human, water, animal, land and other resources are utilized to the best advantage, and to monitor the design and execution of planned projects within the Area.
- To effect a programme of monitoring of the performance of projects within the Area so as to improve that performance and establish responsibility therefore and to improve future planning.
- To ensure close co-operation between all agencies concerned with the abstraction and use of water within the Area in the setting up of effective monitoring of that abstraction and use.
- To collect, assemble and correlate all such data related to the use of water and other resources within the Area as may be necessary for the efficient forward planning of the Area.
- To maintain a liaison between the Government, the private sector and foreign agencies in the matter of the development of the Area with a view to limiting the duplication of effort and to assuring the best use of technical resources.
- To render assistance to operating agencies in their applications for loan funds if required and
- To cause the construction of any works necessary for the protection and utilization of the water and soils of the Area.